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SPA111 review

SPN 112
practice chapter 6
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SPN 211
practice chapter 11
practice chapter 12
practice chapter 13
practice chapter 14
practice chapter 15
Review

 

linkCollection3.htm Pret-Imp

MISCELANEOUS***

  1. Los días feriados.
  2. De compras: Shopping QUIA! To practice vocabulary Miscelánea
  3. Ch 8. El cumpleaños.
  4. The song Ojalá que llueva café by Juan Luis Guerra BKNelson @ Colby
  5. UN FORO GLOBAL BKNelson @ Colby
  6. ConJuguemos

 

DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES AND HOW TO MAKE NOUNS PLURAL ***

  1. Artículos indeterminados Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  2. Artículos determinados Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  3. Formas del plural Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  4. ¡Forme el plural! Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto

 

ADJECTIVES WITH NOUNS ***

  1. Plurals of Adjectives with Nouns by Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. Adjective Agreement with Nouns Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto

COUNTING ***

  1. Write the numbers Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  2. Ordinal Numbers Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  3. Dates Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  4. Numbers by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  5. More Numbers by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  6. Numbers with Listening by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  7. Colores como adjetivos by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus

SER VS. ESTAR AND OTHER VERBS THAT MEAN "TO BE" I ***

  1. ¿Ser o estar? by Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. Ser, Estar or Tener Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  3. Ser, Estar or Tener2 Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  4. Ser, Estar, Tener or Haber Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  5. Ser, Estar, Tener or Haber2 Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U

SER VS. ESTAR AND OTHER VERBS THAT MEAN "TO BE" II ****

  1. Ser, Estar, Tener or Haber 3 by Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  2. Ser, Estar, Tener or Haber 4 by Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  3. Ser, Estar, Tener, Haber or Hacer by Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  4. Ser/Estar with Adjectives by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  5. Ser/Estar with Participles by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus

 

TENER IDIOMS ***

  1. Tener Idioms by Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. Tener Idioms Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto

INTERROGATIVES: ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS I ***

 

INTERROGATIVES: ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS II ***

 

NEGATIVE WORDS***

  1. Palabras negativas y afirmativas Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. Palabras negativas 1 by Ana Val @ UCalgary
  3. Palabras negativas 2 by Patricia Wickel@ UCalgary
  4. Palabras negativas 3@ UCalgary
  5. Palabras negativas 4@ UCalgary
  6. Palabras negativas 5 by Pilar@ UCalgary
  7. Algunas palabras positivas y negativa Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  8. Directions: Give the opposite of each word. @Sewanee
  9. Palabras Negativas 1 David Malatesta@niles-hs.
  10. Palabras Negativas 2 David Malatesta@niles-hs
  11. Palabras Negativas 3 David Malatesta@niles-hs
  12. Palabras Negativas 4 David Malatesta@niles-hs

 

PRESENT OF INDICATIVE ***

  1. Regular-ar Verbs Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  2. Regular –ar Verbs by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  3. More Regular –ar Verbs by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  4. Regular –er/-ir Verbs by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  5. -er/-ir Verbs Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  6. More –er/-ir Verbs Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  7. Even More –er/-ir Verbs Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  8. Irregular Yo forms Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  9. Stem-Changing Verbs Quia.com
  10. Stem-Changing Verb infinitives Quia.com
  11. Stem Changing Verbs: e-ie Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  12. Stem Changing Verbs: e-ie by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  13. Stem Changing Verbs: e-ie Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  14. Stem Changing Verbs: o-ue Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  15. Stem Changing Verbs:o-ue by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  16. Stem Changing Verbs:o-ue Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  17. Stem Changing Verbs: e-i by Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  18. Stem ChangingVerbs:e-i by Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  19. Stem Changing Verbs: review Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  20. Stem Changing Verb: review Spanish at the Multimedia Centre @ The University of Toronto
  21. Present Tense by Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  22. Present Tense review @ Trinity Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  23. Present Tense review 2 by Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U

SABER VS. CONOCER ***

PRESENT PROGRESIVE ***

 

GUSTAR VERBS ***

 

REFLEXIVE VERBS ***

 

INFORMAL (TÚ) COMMANDS ***

 

FORMAL COMMANDS***

  1. Ud. Command Forms By Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  2. Uds. Command Forms By Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  3. Los mandatos formales - 1 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  4. Los mandatos formales - 2 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  5. Mandatos formales - #3 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  6. Formal usted and ustedes commands Multimedia Centre @U of Toronto
  7. Commands with usted and ustedes Multimedia Centre @U of Toronto
  8. Commands with usted/ustedes and a direct object Multimedia Centre @U of Toronto

 

TO REVIEW COMMANDS***

  1. MANDATOS INFORMALES #1 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. MANDATOS INFORMALES #2 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  3. MANDATOS INFORMALES #3 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  4. LOS MANDATOS FORMALES - 1 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  5. LOS MANDATOS FORMALES - 2 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
    LOS MANDATOS FORMALES - 3 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  6. Ud. Command Forms1 By Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  7. Ud. Command Forms 2 By Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity
  8. Tú Commands By Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  9. Commands with tú and vosotros Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  10. Ud. and Uds. commands Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  11. Commands with Ud. and Uds Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  12. Commands with pronouns Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  13. Ud.& Uds. Commands with a direct object Multimedia Centre U of Toronto

 

DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES***

  1. Adjetivos demostrativos By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns by Samuel Schiminovich @ Columbia


TO PRACTICE THE PRETERITE FORMATION FOR IRREGULAR AND STEM-CHANGING VERBS ***

TO PRACTICE THE PRETERITE USES

  1. Past, sweet past...Preterite Tense Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  2. Ayer, anoche, la semana pasada ... Preterite Tense Multimedia Centre U of Toronto

MORE PRACTICE WITH THE PRETERITE FORMATION

  1. Conjugation Trainer Preterite: Irregular verbs SPAnish LEarn it ONline
  2. ¡ConJuguemos! Spanish Exercise #9 PRETERIT TENSE: irregular verbs
  3. ConJuguemos! Spanish Exercise #8 PRETERIT TENSE: stem-changing verbs
  4. Irregular Preterit Forms QUIA!
  5. Irregular Verbs in Preterit QUIA!

 

TO PRACTICE THE IMPERFECT TENSE FORMATION***

  1. Forms of the imperfect: Regular verbs Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  2. Forms of the imperfect: Irregular verbs Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  3. Forms of the imperfect: All verbs Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  4. A ver si eres prefecto en el imperfecto Multimedia Centre U of Toronto

 

TO PRACTICE THE IMPERFECT TENSE USES

  1. Recordando la infancia ... Multimedia Centre U of Toronto


PRETERITE VS IMPERFECT

  1. Superhombre... Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. Goldilocks and the Three Bears #1Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  3. A variation of Ricitos #2 Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  4. Formas del pretérito 2Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  5. Pretérito o imperfecto 4 Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  6. Pretérito o imperfecto 6 Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  7. Preterit / Imperfect Indicative:Esquiando Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  8. Preterit/Imperfect Indicative: Un viaje inolvidable Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus

EL PRETERITO Y EL IMPERFECTO

  1. Preterit / Imperfect Indicative: Esquiando Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  2. Preterit / Imperfect Indicative: Un viaje inolvidable Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  3. Preterit vs. Imperfect: Gap-fill exercise
  4. Preterit vs Imperfect 1 Biana de la Guardia@URegina
  5. Preterit vs Imperfect 2 Biana de la Guardia@URegina
  6. Preterit vs Imperfect 3 Biana de la Guardia@URegina
  7. Preterit vs Imperfect 4 Biana de la Guardia@URegina
  8. Visita a España Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.
  9. Naufragio Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.
  10. Problemas con la calefacción Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.
  11. Descanso de los estudios Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.
  12. Viaje de estudios Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.
  13. Los placeres de viajar con niños Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.
  14. Compras navideñas Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.
  15. Oraciones variadas Juan Manuel Soto Arriví@Indiana U.

 

DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS ***

  1. PRONOMBRES DE COMPLEMENTOS DIRECTOS #1 Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. PRONOMBRES DE COMPLEMENTO DIRECTO -EJERCICIO #2 B K Nelson @ Colby
  3. PRONOMBRES DE COMPLEMENTO DIRECTO CON DOS VERBOS - #3 Nelson @ Colby
  4. Pronombres 2 Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  5. Pronombres3 Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  6. Pronombres 4 Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  7. Pronombres by Bertín Ortega@Willamette U.

 

Indirect object pronouns

  1. Pronombres de complemento indirectoBy Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby

 

Practice using direct & indirect object pronouns

  1. Pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto # 1 By B K Nelson @ Colby
  2. Complementos directos e indirectos - #2 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  3. Pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto #3 By B K Nelson @ Colby
  4. Direct or indirect object pronoun?By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  5. Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Identification By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  6. Pronombres: Complementos directos e indirectos By Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  7. Pronombres By Matthew D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  8. ¿Son dos complementos demasiado para nosotros? Multimedia Centre @U of Toronto
  9. Object Pronouns: Ayuda entre amigos By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  10. Los Pronombres Directos y Indirectos Quia!

 

RECIPROCAL ACTIONS***

  1. Reciprocal Actions with Reflexive Pronouns http://www.mhhe.com
  2. RECIPROCAL ACTIONSActivity © Spanishome.com
  3. Reciprocal ActionsActivity © Spanishome.com
  4. Reciprocal actions © 1995-2001 by Prentice-Hall, Inc

 

PRESENT PERFECT***

  1. HABER AL PRESENTE Multimedia Center @ Toronto
  2. PAST PARTICIPLE Multimedia Center @ Toronto
  3. PARTICIPIO PASADO M Stroud@ Trinity
  4. EL PRESENTE PERFECTOBy BK Nelson @ Colby
  5. PRESENTE PERFECTO 1M Stroud@ Trinity
  6. PRESENTE PERFECTO 2 M Stroud@ Trinity
  7. Present Perfect by Juan Ramón Arana @ Ursinus

 

To review Por y Para ***

  1. Por vs para 1 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  2. Por vs para 2 By Barbara Kuczun Nelson @ Colby
  3. Por - Para By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  4. Por vs. Para by Samuel Schiminovich @ Columbia U
  5. Quiz #1Por and Para Learn Spanish a Free Online Tutorial
  6. Test #1Por and Para Learn Spanish a Free Online Tutorial
  7. Por and Para: A Quiz @ Spanish Language Gerald Erichsen Editor

SE FOR UNPLANNED OCCURRENCES***

Stressed indirect object noun or pronoun Se+ Indirect object pronoun Verb always in the third person singular or plural in any tense or mood. The item that is forgotten, lost, depleted, etc.

 

A mí
A ti
A él
A ella
A usted
A nosotros
A vosotros
A ellos
A ellas
A ustedes

 

se me
se te
se le
se e
se le
se nos
se os
se les
se les
se les

 

olvida/olvidó/olvidaba
pierde/perdío/perdía
acaba/acabó/acababa


olvidan/olvidaron/olvidaban
escapan/escaparon/escapaban
acaban/acabaron/acababan

 

la tarea
el gato
el dinero


las fechas
los perros
las medicinas

 

PRÁCTICA PARA EL SE ACCIDENTAL

  1. "SE" for Unplanned or Unexpected Events by BKNelson @ Colby
  2. Pronombres del objeto indirecto con eventos inespe2rados by BKNelson @ Colby

 

PAST PARTICIPLE WITH SER AND ESTAR ***

  1. The Past Participle - Verb Form or Adjective? By BK Nelson @ Colby
  2. Passive 1 By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus.
  3. Passive 2. By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus

To practice the subjunctive formation ***

  1. Conjugation Trainer
  2. ¡Conjuguemos!
  3. FORMAS DEL PRESENTE DEL SUBJUNTIVO - #1 BKNelson @ Colby
  4. FORMAS DEL PRESENTE DEL SUBJUNTIVO - #2 BKNelson @ Colby
  5. FORMAS DEL PRESENTE DEL SUBJUNTIVO - #3 BKNelson @ Colby
  6. Quiz #1Subjunctive: Part II Learn Spanish a Free Online Tutorial
  7. Quiz #1Subjunctive: Part III Learn Spanish a Free Online Tutorial
  8. Quiz #1Subjunctive: Part IV Learn Spanish a Free Online Tutorial
  9. Conjugation Trainer Present Subjunctive Spanish Learn It on Line
  10. ConJuguemos Present Subjunctive

To practice the uses of the subjunctive with verbs of volition (influence)***

  1. EL SUBJUNTIVO CON VERBOS DE INFLUENCIA BKNelson @ Colby
  2. Presente de Subjuntivo: Volición By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  3. Mis padres prefieren que ... Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  4. Espero que ... Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto

PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE IN NOUN CLAUSES: WEIRDO

WILL-WANT-WISH.EMOTION.IMPERSONAL-EXPRESSIONS.REQUEST.DOUBT. ¡OJALÁ!

  1. PRESENTE DEL SUBJUNTIVO Conjugation BKNelson @ Colby
  2. EL SUBJUNTIVO CON MANDATOS DE TÚ #5 BKNelson @ Colby
  3. EL SUBJUNTIVO CON VERBOS DE EMOCIÓN - #6 BKNelson @ Colby
  4. EL SUBJUNTIVO CON VERBOS DE DUDA #7 BKNelson @ Colby
  5. SUBJUNTIVO VS. INDICATIVO: VERBOS DE DUDA #8 BKNelson @ Colby
  6. EL SUBJUNTIVO DE INFLUENCIA EMOCIÓN Y DUDA #10 BKNelson @ Colby
  7. SUBJUNTIVO VS. INDICATIVO: INFLUENCIA, EMOCIÓN Y DUDA #11 Nelson @ Colby

More practice with the subjunctive in noun clauses (WEIRDO)

  1. Present Subjunctive1: Verbs with no stem-vowel changeM. D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  2. Present Subjunctive2: Verbs with stem-vowel changes M. D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  3. Present Subjunctive3: All Verbs M. D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  4. Present subjunctive or present indicative (noun clauses) M. D. Stroud @Trinity U
  5. Subjuntivo o indicativo: presente (cláusulas nominales)1 M. D. Stroud @Trinity U
  6. Subjuntivo o indicativo: presente (cláusulas nominales)2 M. D. Stroud @Trinity U
  7. Espero que ...Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  8. Mis padres prefieren que ...Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  9. Presente de Subjuntivo: Volición J. R. Arana@ Ursinus
  10. Presente de Subjuntivo: Duda, negaciónJ. R. Arana@ Ursinus
  11. Presente de Subjuntivo: Emoción J. R. Arana@ Ursinus
  12. Argumentación: uso de nexos (subjuntivo)J. R. Arana@ Ursinus
  13. Present Subjunctive Quia!
  14. Present Subjunctive Quia!

 

SUBJUNCTIVE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: U.N.N.I. ***

UNKNOWN.NON-EXISTENT.NON-SPECIFIC.IDEAL or HYPOTHETICAL.*

  1. SUBJUNTIVO OR INDICATIVO EN CLÁSULAS ADJETIVALES #11 BKNelson @ Colby
  2. EL PRESENTE DE SUBJUNTIVO EN CLÁUSULAS ADJETIVALES J. R. Arana@ Ursinus
  3. PRESENT INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE: ADJETIVE CLAUSES M.D. Stroud @ Trinity U
  4. LO INDEFINIDO Y EL SUBJUNTIVO Spanish at the Multimedia Centre U of Toronto
  5. SUBJUNTIVO O INDICATIVO: PRESENTE By M. D. Stroud @ Trinity U

 

The Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses***

Review the adverbial conjunctions of time and purpose

ESCAPA A CAMELoT HD3

En caso de que
Sin que
Con tal de que
A fin de que
Para que
A menos que

Antes de que

Cuando
Aunque
Mientras que
En cuanto
Luego que
o
Tan pronto como

Hasta que
Después de que
De modo que
De manera que

ESCAPA A: Always use the subjunctive. If there is no que use the infinitive.

CAMELoT & HD3: Use the subjunctive if the action, condition or event that is expressed in the dependent clause is pending. Use the indicative if the action, condition or event is viewed as habitual, or has been completed. If there is no que, HD3 takes the infinitive. Never use the infinitive with CAMELoT.

 

PRÁCTICA PARA EL SUBJUNTIVO Y EL INDICATIVO EN CLAUSULAS ADVERBIALES

  1. EL SUBJUNTIVO Y EL INDICATIVO EN CLAUSULAS ADVERBIALES #12 by BK Nelson
  2. EL SUBJUNTIVO EN CLÁUSULAS ADVERBIALES #13 by BK Nelson@ Colby
  3. Presente de Subjuntivo:Cláusulas adverbiales I by Juan Ramon Arana @ Ursinus
  4. Presente de Subjuntivo:Cláusulas adverbiales II by J R Arana @ Ursinus
  5. Present Subjunctive or Infinitive: Adverbial Clauses by MStroud@Trinity
  6. Present Subjuntive or Present Indicative by Michael Stroud@ Trinity
  7. Subjuntivo o indicativo: cláusulas adverbiales by Michael Stroud@Trinity
  8. Subjuntivo o indicativo: presente1 by Michael Stroud@ Trinity
  9. Subjuntivo o indicativo: presente2 by Michael Stroud@ Trinity



ABC

FUTURE & CONDITIONAL FORMATION***

The future and conditional of regular verbs use the entire infinitive as the stem. To form the future add: -é -ás -á -emos -éis -án. To form the conditional add: -ía, -ías, -ías, íamos, íais, ían.

Irregular verbs use a truncated form of the infinitive as their stem. These truncated infinitive forms fall into three types:

1. e droppers
2. intrusive d
3. complete irregulars

caber

haber

poder

querer

saber

cabr

habr

podr

querr

sabr

-é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án.

-ía, -ías, -ías, -íamos, -íais, -ían

poner

salir

valer

venir

pondr

saldr

valdr

vendr

-é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án.

-ía, -ías, -ías, -íamos, -íais, -ían

decir

hacer

dir

har

-é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án.

-ía, -ías, -ías, -íamos, -íais, -ían.

FUTURE USES

In general, Spanish Future is used like the English future will+infinitive: Iremos = We will go. Comerás= You will eat. Estudiará= S/he will study

Spanish Future can be used to express probability in the present: -¿Dónde estará María?= ¿Dónde crees tú que está? (Where you suppose María is?)

CONDITIONAL USES

Spanish Conditional is used like English conditional would+infinitive (except when would means "used to"):

Spanish Conditional can be used for probability in the past: ¿Dónde estaría María?
Where do you suppose María was?

Spanish conditional is also used to express politeness: ¿Me podrías decir dónde está María

PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR THE FUTURE

  1. The Future Tense by BK Nelson@ Colby
  2. Irregular Future Verbs Quia!
  3. Listen to the song ¿Dónde jugarán los niños? activity by BK Nelson@ Colby
  4. El futuro del medio ambienteby BK Nelson@ Colby
  5. Futuro deProbabilidad by Juan Ramón de Arana@ Ursinus
  6. Futuro con "ir" Spanish at the Multimedia Centre@ Toronto

MORE PRACTICE WITH THE FUTURE

  1. El futuro#1 Spanish at the Multimedia Centre@ Toronto
  2. El futuro#2 Spanish at the Multimedia Centre@ Toronto
  3. Formas del futuro#1 by M Stroud@ Trinity
  4. Formas del futuro#2 by M Stroud@ Trinity
  5. Formas del futuro#3 by M Stroud@ Trinity
  6. Formas del futuro# 4 by M Stroud@ Trinity
  7. Formas del futuro#5 by M Stroud@ Trinity

TUTORIALS ON THE FUTURE

  1. The Future Tense by Fred F. Jehle
  2. The Future Tense: Spanish for Beginners Spanish.About.Com
  3. The Future and More: The Future: Part 2 Spanish.About.Com

     

PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR THE CONDITIONAL

  1. El conditional by BK Nelson@ Colby
  2. Instantes: un poema activity by BK Nelson@ Colby
  3. El condicional Spanish at the Multimedia Centre@ Toronto
  4. Formas del condicional by M Stroud@ Trinity

PRESENT PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE: FORMATION AND USES.***

The present perfect subjunctive is formed with the present subjunctive of the verb haber (haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayais, hayan) and the past participle form of the verb (hablado, comido, bebido). To form the past participle ad -ado to the stem of -ar verbs, and -ido to the stem of -er and -ir verbs. Remember that there are a few irregular past participles that you must memorize.

The present perfect subjunctive is used to
refer to actions or situations that occur before the action
of the main verb when the main verb is in the present,
future, present perfect, or the command form.
  • Practice exercises
  1. EL PRESENTE PERFECTO DEL INDICATIVO Y DEL SUBJUNTIVO by BK Nelson@ Colby
  2. Present Perfect, Present Perfect Subjunctive, Past Perfect @Henderson State U.
  3. Present Perfect Indicative and Present Perfect Subjunctive McGraw-Hill: Puntos
  4. Present Perfect Subjunctive Spanish Partner @ Pacific Lutheran


TUTORIALS

  1. Tutorial on the present perfect of indicativo DR Lemon@Ohlone College
  2. Tutorial on the present perfect subjuntive DR Lemon@Ohlone College
  3. Tutorial on the present subjuntive DR Lemon@Ohlone College
  4. Tutorial: Forms of the Present Subjunctive Fred Jehle@ Indiana U.
  5. Tutorial: More Subjunctive Tenses Fred Jehle@ Indiana U.

 


THE IMPERFECT (PAST) SUBJUNCTIVE***
Formation:
Go to 3ppp
(third person plural preterite)
Kick out Ron
and cheer:
-ra, -ras, -ra, -'ramos, -rais, -ran

If your conjugation skills in the preterite of indicative are rusty, do activity #1 in preparation. If you do not have problems conjugating verbs in the preterite, start with #2. When you think you have a good handle on past subjunctive conjugation, stop and move down to the uses of the past subjunctive.

  1. El pretérito de indicativo-Formas #4 (3ppp) By BK Nelson @ Colby
  2. Imperfect Subjunctive Form by Michael Stroud@ Trinity
  3. Imperfect Subjunctive Forms2 by Michael Stroud@ Trinity
  4. 25 "nasty" irregular verbs in the past subjunctive By BK Nelson @ Colby
  5. 50 self-check irregular conjugations. By BK Nelson @ Colby

Uses:

You have learned the present subjunctive to express actions, conditions and situations that take place in the present or the future. Spanish speakers use the past subjunctive to comunicate the same information about the past.
    Type of clause Present subjunctive Past subjunctive

    Noun clauses

    La profesora quiere que estudiemos. La profesora quería que estudiáramos.

    Adjective clauses

    Busco un trabajo que pague bien. Buscaba un trabajo que pagara bien.
    Adverbial Clauses Yo nunca salgo de noche sin que mis padres lo sepan. Yo nunca salía de noche sin que mis padres lo supieran.
  1. Practice the uses of the imperfect (past) subjunctive:
  2. El imperfecto de Subjuntivo en cláusulas nominales, adjetivales y adverbiales. by Michael Stroud@ Trinity

"Si" Clauses:

"Si" clauses are used to express what could happen if some condition is met.
Real (fact) vs. Unreal (contrary-to-fact)
If the the condition is unlikely to come about or purely hypothetical, the imperfect subjunctive is used in the condition clause (which starts with "si"), while the result clause takes the conditional. The order of the clauses does not matter.
If, on the other hand, the condition is a fact or is likely to occur, the present of indicative is used in the "Si" clause, while the result clause may take the present of indicative, the future, or a command.


    Contrary- to-fact conditions
    Condition
    Result

    Si yo fuera la profesora,

    Si me quisieras de verdad,

    Si mi amigo fuera rico,

    no dejaría tanta tarea a los estudiantes.

    no me tratarías tan mal.

    no trabajaría de mesero.


    Conditions that are fact or likely to occur
    Condition
    Result

    Si tengo hambre,

    Si haces ejercicio,

    Si va Ud. a Madrid,

    como en la cafetería.

    bajarás de peso (loose weight)

    visite el Museo del Prado.

       

Practice using the imperfect subjunctive to express contrary to fact conditions:

  1. Imperfect Subjunctive vs. Conditional #1 by Michael Stroud@ Trinity
    Frases condicionales #3 by Michael Stroud@ Trinity
  2. Condicionales Irreales I By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  3. ¿Qué hubiera pasado si...? by Centro Virtual Cervantes
  4. Si lo sé no vengo by Centro Virtual Cervantes

More Si Clauses: These 4 exercises do NOT use the past subjunctive and conditional pattern. They use the indicative and imperative moods to speculate about situations that are POSSIBLE.
  1. Condicionales Reales By Juan Ramón de Arana @ Ursinus
  • Sequence of tenses

 

 

Review for SPN 211***

  1. Rutina vespertina: ¿Infinitivo, presente de indicativo o de subjuntivo? By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana
  2. Reunión de voces: ¿Iinfinitivo, presente de indicativo o de subjuntivo? By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana
  3. Visita al doctor: ¿Infinitivo, presente de indicativo o de subjuntivo? By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana
  4. Sintaxis: Presente del subjuntivo By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana
  5. Oraciones variadas: ¿condicional, imperfecto de indicativo o de subjuntivo? By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana
  6. Cláusulas condicionales By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana
  7. Presente de subjuntivo: Oraciones variadas By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana
  8. Mezcla: infinitivo/ pretérito/ imperfecto/presente de subjuntivo/presente de/ indicativo por & para By Juan Manuel Soto Arriví @ Indiana